Date of Award

Fall 11-30-2021

Document Type

Legal Research Pathfinders


Extreme Risk Protection Orders1 (ERPOs) are civil orders issued when a person is a danger to themselves or others.2 These orders prevent a person from purchasing or possessing guns while the order is in place.3 ERPOs are mainly intended to prevent suicides, but there is some discussion on their potential usefulness for elderly people with cognitive difficulties, including dementia.

ERPOs are also known as red flag laws, gun violence restraining orders, risk-warrants, lethal violence protective orders, risk protection orders, gun violence protective orders, firearms restraining orders, extreme risk protective orders, orders for protection against high-risk behavior, extreme risk firearm protection orders, and substantial risk orders.

This pathfinder is intended to provide both an overview of current ERPO laws and avenues to research emerging information. This pathfinder is targeted primarily towards law students and legal scholars who are interested in the laws and legal issues surrounding ERPOs. This pathfinder will best serve those who intend to write an article pertaining to ERPOs; information on this topic is scattered, and it can be particularly difficult to parse through the state-specific nomenclature and minute differences in these laws.


Information in this document has been obtained by the author when she was a law student in Advanced Legal Research class from sources believed to be reliable. The author does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information included and is not responsible for any errors, omissions or damages arising from the use of this information. This document is made available with the understanding that the author is supplying information, but not attempting to render legal or other professional services. If such services are required, the assistance of an appropriate professional should be sought.